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人教版八年级下册英语复习提纲

2020-05-05 23:50:01初二访问手机版479

  【导语】学习中的困难莫过于一节一节的台阶,虽然台阶很陡,但只要一步一个脚印的踏,攀登一层一层的台阶,才能实现学习的理想。 祝你学习进步!下面是免费为您整理的《人教八年级下册英语复习提纲》,仅供大家参考。

  【篇一】


  语法:
  
  直接引语 间接引语
  
  一、概念:
  
  直接引语:说话人直接引用别人的原话,引用部分要加引号。
  
  间接引语:说话人用自己的话把别人的意思转述出来,转述部分不用引号。
  
  二、转换方法两注意,一了解:
  
  Ø 两注意:先注意人称变化,再注意时态变化;一了解:指示代词、时间状语、地点状语的变化。
  
  l 人称变化:一随主直接引语中的第一人称应随主句中的主语变为相应的人称,但注意只改人称不变词性
  
  e.g. He said: “I am a good student.”→He said he was a good student. 主格
  
  He said: “My parents are teachers.”→He said his parents were teachers. 形代
  
  二随宾直接引语中的第二人称应随主句中的宾语变为相应的人称,同样只改人称不变词性
  
  e.g. He said to me: “ You have to go there.” →He said I had to go there.主格
  
  He said to me: “Your brother has to go there.”→He said my brother had to go there.宾格
  
  三不变直接引语中的第三人称不需要改变
  
  e.g. He said: “ He swims every day.”→He said he swam every day.
  
  l 时态变化,按下表进行改变
  
  直接引语间接引语
  
  一般现在时一般过去时客观真理除外,仍用现在时
  
  现在进行时过去进行时
  
  现在完成时过去完成时
  
  一般过去时过去完成时
  
  过去完成时过去完时
  
  一般将来时过将来时
  
  Ø 一了解:指示代词、时间状语、地点状语可以不变,也可按以下规则进行变化:
  
  直接引语间接引语
  
  指示代词this这 these这些that那 those那些
  
  时间状语now现在then那时
  
  today 今天that day 那天
  
  tonight 今晚that night那天晚上
  
  this week 这星期that week那个星期
  
  yesterday 昨天the day before前一天
  
  last week 上星期the week before前一个星期
  
  ago以前before 以前
  
  tomorrow明天the next/following day第二天
  
  next week 下星期the next week 第二个星期
  
  地点状语here 这里there 那里
  
  动词come来go 去
  
  三、注意以下几种句型,它们在直接引语变间接引时,除了遵循以上人称和时态的变化外,还有一些特殊的要求:
  
  1. 直接引语为陈述句,完全遵循以上方法;
  
  2. 直接引语为一般疑问句、选择疑问句或反义疑问句时,先用“if”或“whether”来引出从句,再把从句写成一个陈述句。
  
  e.g. He asked me: “Are you a student?”.一疑→He asked me if I was a student.
  
  He asked me: “Do you like math or English?”选疑→He asked me if I liked math or English.
  
  He asked me: “He is your brother, isn’t he?”反疑→He asked me if he was my brother.
  
  3. 直接引语为特殊疑问句时,先保留特殊疑问词,再把从句写成一个陈述句。
  
  e.g. His mother asked: “Where is Tom?”→His mother asked where Tom was.
  
  She asked: “Where do you come from?”→She asked where I came from.
  
  4. 直接引语为肯定祈使句时,应用短语:ask/tell sb. to do sth来转换。
  
  e.g. The teacher said: “Open the door.”→The teacher asked/told me to open the door.
  
  5. 直接引语为否定祈使句时,应用短语:ask/tell sb. not to do sth 来转换
  
  e.g. My parents said: “Don’t play in the street.”→My parents asked me not to play in the street.

  【篇二】


  单词:
  
  1. 关于decision 决定名词
  
  decide 决定动词 ;make a decision = decide
  
  decide to do sth = make a decision to sth 决定去做某事;
  
  decide on doing sth = make a decision on doing sth 决定做某事
  
  2. 关于message消息:
  
  Ø message 消息可数名词 take a message for sb.给某人捎口信;leave a message 留言
  
  news 新闻、消息不可数名词;information 消息、信息不可数名词
  
  a piece of news/information 一条信息,two pieces of news/information 两条信息
  
  Ø 与此类似的还有:advice 建议不可数, suggestion 建议可数; some advice/suggestions
  
  3. 关于bring, take:
  
  Ø bring指“从别处把东西或人带来”“拿来”,表示将人或物带到或拿到说话者所在的位置的这个动作; 短语:bring … to …把…带来… bring → brought → brought
  
  Ø take指“把东西带走或拿走”,表示将人或物拿开或带离说话者所在的位置的这个动作;
  
  短语: take … to … 把…带去…

  【篇三】


  短语&句型:
  
  1. every Saturday 在每周六其前不加任何介词 2. first of all 首先
  
  3. both … and… 两者都 both of 两者都
  
  neither … nor … 两者都不就近一致原则 neither of + n. 两者都不三单
  
  either … or… 两者之一 就近一致原则 either of + n. 两者之一三单
  
  Me neither. = Neither/Nor + 助动词/情态动词、be动词 + I 我也不…。
  
  Me too. = So + 助动词/情态动词、be动词 + I 我也…
  
  So + 主语 + 助动词/情态动词、be动词 的确对别人的观点表示赞同
  
  4. most of + 可数名词复数/不可数名词 绝大多数
  
  5. agree on something 同意某人的计划 agree to do sth. 答应/同意做…
  
  agree with sb. 同意某人的观点 allow sb. to do sth 同意某人去做某事
  
  6. pass on       传递
  
  7. be supposed to do sth. = should do 应当做…; 被期望或被要求做... ...
  
  8. be in good health = be healthy身体健康 9. get over it       克服
  
  10. open up       打开 11. care for        照料;照顾
  
  12. be/get mad at/with sb. 生某人的气 be/get mad about sth 对… 事生气
  
  get angry/annoyed with sb. 生某人的气
  
  13. have a surprise party 开一个惊喜晚会 14. do a homework project 做家庭作业
  
  15. do well in = be good at在……方面做得好 16. do better in=be better at 在……做得更好
  
  17. do badly in =be weak in在……做得糟
  
  18. a hard-working boy 一个勤学的男孩 19. work hard 努力学习
  
  20. a disappointing result令人失望的结果 22. be disappointed at sth/sb. 对…感到失望
  
  23. have a hard time with sth在…方面有困难
  
  24. fight with sb. = have a big fight with 和……打架
  
  argue with sb. = have an argument with sb 与…争吵
  
  25. change one’s life 改变…的生活 life 生活,生命;可数名词,复数为:lives
  
  26. open up one’s eyes开阔视野 27. give a good start in life 给生活一个好开始
  
  28. a poor mountain village 贫穷的山村 29. a one-year program 一年的项目
  
  30. Things are fine here. 这里情况很好。 31. How is it going? 情况如何?
  
  32. I hope everything goes well. 我希望一切顺利
  
  33. Best wishes and good luck for you. 祝福你,祝你幸运..
  
  34. Mom and dad send their love to you. 爸爸妈妈向你问好。
  
  35. That’s about all the news I have for now.那就是我要说的。

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