Prefer doing…to doing…
Prefer to do rather than do
2.Ever since middle school,my sister Wang Wei and I have dreamed about taking a great bike trip.从高中起，我姐姐王维和我就一直梦想做一次伟大的自行车旅行。
It is/has been+一段时间+since+一般过去时自从……至今已经多久了。
3.persuade sb to do sth=persuade sb into doing sth说服某人做某事
5.be fond of喜欢，喜爱
① although 从句多在句首，though 从句可在主句前、中、后任何位置，而且though 可以作副词用于句末，作“但是，不过”讲，而although 无此用法。
② as though仿佛，好像，even though即使，尽管中不能用although。
③ though 引导的让步状语从句可以倒装将表语、状语、情态动词后的动词原形前置到句首，此用法同as,而 although 不可以。
7.insist on doing sth/sth.一定要、坚持主张
She insists on getting up early and playing her radio loudly.
11.care about关心 在乎
12.change one’s mind改变主意
Once you have begun you must continue.
15.give in让步 give up 放弃
17.make up one’s mind to do下定决心做某事
18.a large parcel of一大包
20.put up our tent搭帐篷
21.stay awake睡不着，醒着stay up熬夜
23.lie beneath the stars躺在星空下
24.can hardly wait to do=can’t wait to do迫不及待做某事
25.go in the right direction走正确的方向
26.at a very slow pace.以很慢的速度
27.be similar to类似于
28.afford to do sth付得起，能承担
29.be tired from因……而疲劳be tired of对……厌倦
30.be in high spirits喜气洋洋，兴高采烈
32.give sb some advice on doing...
33.a guide to………的指南
34.on a tour在游览中，在巡演中
1. win, beat, defeat 表示获胜、取胜的词语
1 win v. 赢……，获胜，接比赛或奖项 win a game / a prize / an honor / a race. / Our team won the game 8 to 7. / He won by five points. / He won her love at last. / He won the first place in the competition.
2 beat + 对手，表打败尤指体育比赛 I can easily beat him at golf.
3 defeat 表战胜，接对手The enemy was defeated in the battle.
2. in the end, finally, at last
finally 一般用在句中动词前面，而 at last 与 in the end 的位置则较为灵活;
三者中at last 语气最为强烈，且可单独作为感叹句使用。After putting it off three times, we finally managed to have a holiday in Dalian. / At last he knew the meaning of life. / At last! Where on earth have you been? / But in the end he gave in.
另外，finally还可用在列举事项时，引出最后一个内容，相当于lastly。 Firstly, we should make a plan; secondly, we should carry it out; finally we should make a conclu- sion.
3. by sea, by the sea, in the sea, on the sea, at sea
1 by sea “走海路，乘船”，用来表示交通方式，同 by ship 同义。 These heavy boxes should be sent by sea.
2 by the sea “在海边”，相当于 by at the seaside。The children enjoyed themselves by the sea on Children's Day.
3 in the sea “在海里，在海水中” There are many plants and animals in the sea.
4 on the sea “在海面上”，“在海岸边”。I want to live in a town with a beautiful position on the sea.
5 at sea 在海上;在航海 When he woke up, the ship was at sea.
4. be afraid, be afraid to do sth., be afraid of doing sth.
1 be afraid 意为“担心，害怕”，多用于口语，常用来表示一种歉意，或遗憾，后可接 so 或 not，也可接 that 从句。I'm afraid that 其语意相当于 I'm sorry, but...。
-- Are we on time? 我们准时吗? -- I'm afraid not. 恐怕不准时。I'm afraid you'll get caught in the rain.
2 be afraid to do sth 常表示“由于胆小而不敢做某事”。She is afraid to be here alone. / He is afraid to jump into the river from the bridge.
3 be afraid of doing sth. 常表示“担心或害怕某事发生”。I was afraid of hurting her feelings.
5. live, living, alive, lively
1 live adj.
① 活的;活生生的;只修饰生物;只作前置定语 The laboratory is doing experiments with several live monkeys.
② 实况直播的 不是录音It wasn't a recorded show. It was live.
③ 带电的;燃着的;可爆炸的 This is a live wire.
2 living adj. 活着的，有生命的作表语或定语 She was, he thought, the best living novelist in England. / The old man is still living. 或alive
3 alive adj. ① 活着的;② 有活力的;有生气
作后置定语：Who's the greatest man alive?
作表语：Was the snake alive or dead? / My grandmother is more alive than a lot of young people.
作补语：Let's keep the fish alive.
4 lively adj. 活泼的;有生气的;活跃的作表语或定语 The music is bright and lively.